Alcoholism is a chronic disease that affects a large population worldwide. It is characterized by bodily and psychological dependence on alcohol. Individuals suffering from drunkenness have an insatiable desire to consume booze, even when the negative consequences are obvious. Although alcoholism can impact anyone, regardless of social or gender standing, certain variables may predispose some people to have the disorder.
When consumed, alcohol alters brain chemistry as a central nervous system depressant, producing a pleasurable feeling or “high.” These chemical changes in the brain can trigger cravings for more alcohol to maintain the pleasurable feeling. Eventually, the brain becomes accustomed to alcohol’s presence, resulting in both physical and psychological dependence. The factors that lead to booze addiction are listed below.
Reason #1: Genetic Factors
Alcohol addiction can be caused by genetic factors. Research indicates that genetics can influence how the body metabolizes alcohol, making some people more susceptible to addiction. People with a family history of alcoholism are also at a higher risk of developing the condition themselves. The probability of inheriting genes that contribute to alcohol addiction is about 50%.
Reason #2: Environmental Factors
Environmental factors play a significant role in the development of alcohol addiction. People who are exposed to alcohol at an early age or grow up in homes where alcohol consumption is prevalent are more susceptible to alcohol addiction. Also, peer pressure and social influences can be contributing factors to the disorder.
Reason #3: Mental Health Issues
Depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are mental health problems that can contribute to alcohol addiction. People often turn to alcohol to deal with these issues, which creates a cycle of addiction. Moreover, alcohol consumption can intensify the symptoms of these conditions, making them worse and leading to a greater reliance on alcohol.
Alcoholism is a complex disease caused by a variety of underlying causes. Although there is no known cure for alcoholism, it can be treated with appropriate treatments such as counseling, medication, and support organizations. If you or someone you care about is struggling with alcoholism, the first step toward rehabilitation is to seek expert assistance. Consult with professionals at Detox to Rehab to gain more detailed information.